Monday, June 3, 2019

Anecdotes

I wrote the following shortly after last year's Afro-Brasilian Festival. It was published in the March 2019 issue of Whatcom Watch., after a couple of unsuccessful attempts to get it published in the Western Front.



Anecdotes should not be used to decide public policy.
I’ll include a few examples:
 Two friends from out of town were pulled over by the police. They were looking for my place in the late evening, and possibly driving a little hesitantly, as you might in an unfamiliar residential neighborhood in the dark.
One of them, the passenger, is an African American. He was in town from Washington, D.C., and was going to lead a workshop at WWU the next morning.
I am white. I spent at least 10 minutes earlier that same night parking in someone else’s driveway, then “scouting” the exterior of two nearby homes, climbing up their front steps, entering one of their backyards. I did all of this undisturbed by the police, and any of the neighbors.
Even multiple anecdotes do not prove anything.
 My teacher was walking across the WWU campus one afternoon. He had a long, unusual bag slung over his shoulder, and had his hood up. Campus police stopped and questioned him.
Oh, he is an African American.
I walk across the WWU campus with a similar bag multiple times a week. Often people ask me if it contains a fishing pole, or a bow and arrows. The police never have.
(Side fact: the overwhelming majority of campus shooters is white — just like me!)
Anecdotes from the past should not be used to decide public policy today because things have changed.
 On February 15, 2007, some students protested the presence of military recruiters at a WWU career fair. The conversation got a little heated. One of the students was arrested, the only student who was visibly non-white.
(A side note: the director of the Viking Union at the time described himself as “the de facto champion of free expression on campus.”)
Anecdotes from the past definitely should not suggest to us that they reveal a trend — only hard facts can do that.
I also protested military recruiters at a WWU career fair, more than once. On two separate occasions, I was even asked to leave by some police officers, but I was not arrested.
People Being Killed
Anecdotes like the shooting of many unarmed African-American men and women by police officers certainly do not define every individual interaction between African-American people and police officers, when they are pulled over (like Philando Castille, who was murdered in July 2016), or even just lying down in the street with their hands in the air (like Charles Kinsey, who told police that he was a behavioral therapist caring for the autistic patient who sat next to him, and was shot in the leg, also in July of 2016).
And anyway, instances of people of color being killed by police happen in other places, certainly not in Bellingham. Well, except for Manuel Gonzales, killed on Railroad Avenue in March of 2017 by a Bellingham Police Department officer. So my friend from D.C., who was pulled over, or my teacher walking across campus with his oversized bag, should not have instinctively drawn on the wealth of anecdotes about such situations, and should have directed their minds to feel perfectly comfortable, and, in fact, welcome, in the city we call home.
So what are anecdotes good for? Anecdotes COULD cause us to challenge some of the unspoken narratives that we hold. Or they might cause us to re-examine some events in a new way. Or hearing an anecdote from someone we know might cause us to hear and believe stories from other people’s lives.
Our brains are funny like that, sometimes hearing a story from someone we can relate to impacts us more than the same story told by someone else — even if the connection to the storyteller is only skin deep (though buried under that tenuous connection are all of the assumptions about sameness and difference that we inherit from a legacy of hatred and violence that began when Christopher Columbus initiated a policy “that resulted in complete genocide” on Hispaniola, in the words of Harvard historian Samuel Eliot Morrison).
Okay, one last anecdote. Stop me if you’ve heard this one before. You see, I studied math at WWU, and got paid while in graduate school to be a TA (teacher’s assistant). Some of the professors would structure their classes along the lines of the “Moore method” for teaching mathematics.
The teachers never mentioned that “Moore” was Robert Lee Moore (1882 – 1974), a mathematics professor whose bigotry led him to refuse to allow African-American students into his classes, or to tell them “you are welcome to take my course, but you start with a C and can only go down from there.” (I should clarify that the “Moore method” for teaching mathematics used by my professors did NOT entail actively antagonizing students of color.)
Editor’s Note: Robert Lee Moore taught at a number of schools, but not in Bellingham. He taught at the University of Texas in Austin from 1920 until 1969.
See, this is where anecdotes could lead me astray. I might jump to the conclusion that Moore was not alone, and that the widespread discrimination within academia against African-American students (and others), particularly in mathematics, has added up to a situation in which the competition for the position that paid for my graduate studies was not particularly fierce, because a whole group of people has been actively pushed out of the field.
I might conclude that I, a white person, benefit financially over the course of my whole lifetime from other people’s oppression. And anecdotes aren’t enough evidence to prove that something like that is true. No, we would need to decide to invest some time and do some serious research, such as reading the amicus curiae brief of the American Sociological Association to the Supreme Court in the Grutter vs. Bollinger case, to name one possible source.
But hey, who has time for that, right? Let me tell you about the time …
___________________________________
Matteo Tamburini earned a master’s degree in Mathematics from WWU in 2009. He has been teaching (and learning) mathematics at Northwest Indian College, and studying the Afro-Brasilian artform Capoeira Angola, both since 2009. Matteo serves on the board of the Whatcom Peace & Justice Center.

Tuesday, May 14, 2019

Gratidao

Words cannot adequately express the immense gratitude and joy that this event brought.
What an amazing opportunity to learn from Mestre Cobra Mansa!
Thanks to the leadership and ongoing support from Mestre Silvinho!

and as always, what makes this day so special are all the visits from our friends, old and new, from Vancouver, Seattle, Portland and points in between!

And thanks for Treinel Caxambu and Treinel Joe (all the way from Hawaii!)

The photos below were taken by Jason Ruvelson. Thank you!

Mestre Cobra Mansa


the beginning of our roda in the PAC plaza

essa cobra lhe morde, senhor sao bento!


ter sorriso no rosto, e' coisa de angoleir@



pedo a forca da terra, pedo a forca do ar!






Obrigado minha gente!

Monday, April 22, 2019

It's time again: Afro-Brasilian Festival 2019!

Sunday May 5th!

The event will be heald in Carbery Gym, Gym C (upstairs). Please, no street shoes in the Gym!

Cost of admission is $10 per person per class, or $30 for the entire day (we'll give discounts to families, and no-one will be turned away).

And this year, we have a super-special guest in Mestre Cobra Mansa!

11am: Capoeira class with the Mestres - for complete beginners as well as intermediate-advanced people.
1pm: lunch break
2pm: Salsa Class with Antonio Diaz
3pm: Class with the Mestres
4pm: Roda! (if the weather is nice, we'll be outside in the PAC plaza).

Sunday, October 14, 2018

Tragedy

Mestre Moa do Katende was murdered in Salvador on Sunday October 7th.

He was stabbed twelve times by a supporter of Brasilian Presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro, after the two had a disagreement about politics. Mestre Moa had supported a different candidate.


A tremendous loss. One more Black man victim of racism and intolerance.

Friday, October 5, 2018

Indigenous People's Day 2018

I suggest reading Loaded: a disarming history of the second amendment, by Roxanne Dunbar Ortiz, which i recently borrowed from the library of the Whatcom Peace and Justice Center.
It includes the following two quotations:

So if ever built, what will the United States Native American Genocide Memorial Museum contain: What will it exhibit?
It will be one room, a fifty-foot square with the same large photo filling the walls, ceiling and floor.
There will be only one visitor allowed at any one time.
There will be no furniture.
The one visitor will have to stand or sit on the floor.
Or lie on the floor if they feel the need.
That visitor must remain in that room for one hour.
There will be no music.
The only soundtrack will be random gunshots from rifles used throughout American history.
Reverberation.
What will the photo be?
It will be an Indian baby, shredded by a Gatling gun, lying dead and bloody in the snow.
Sherman Alexie, from You don't have to say you love me

In 1818, President James Monroe ordered Andrew Jackson, by then a major general in the U.S. Army, to lead three thousand soldiers into Florida, at the time part of the Spanish empire, to crush the Muskogee-led Indigenous Seminole guerrilla resistance. The Seminoles did not agree to hand over any Africans who had escaped from their enslavers.

As we reflect on this history of colonial violence, which is a part of learning Capoeira, we are also called to action. Indigenous writer Rebecca Nagle wrote a piece in Indian Country Today urging us to demand that the clothing company Yandy cancel its line of 'sexy' 'native' costumes.

Similarly, there is a small campaign here in Bellingham to ask that WECU reconsider officially recognizing Columbus Day in its mailings, calendars, and general communications with the public, and instead identify it as Indigenous People's Day.

WECU's contacts are:
Contact Center Hours: Monday-Friday, 8:00am – 6:00pm
Local: 360-676-1168
Toll Free:  800-525-8703
Fax:  360-756-7800
TTY:  800-833-6388

Sunday, September 30, 2018

Back to school in 2018

WWU is back in session!
we'll be training on Mondays starting at 6pm in the Viking Union, room 464. take the elevator to the 4th floor and go to the end of the hallway.
We will also be training on Thursdays starting at 6pm in PAC room 24. From the main entrance, take the elevator down to LL2. Room 24 is directly across from the elevator.
Roda at the 2018 Afro-Brasilian Festival. Photo Credit: Eythan Frost.
There will be warm weather and long days again! and we'll be ready play outside.

Sunday, May 13, 2018

Thank you is just not enough

Another year, another time in which words fail us to express our appreciation, admiration, and respect for the many people involved in putting on the Afro-Brazilian Festival.

First of all, we start with the acknowledgement that we are learning this artform on the ancestral land of the Lummi and Nooksack people - may we always struggle to live in right relationship with the original inhabitants of this land.

Thanks to all the people who struggled to make Capoeira survive, among them Mestre Silvinho and ContraMestre Kojo. And a special shout-out to Charles Hargrett, for starting all of this in the Pacific Northwest back in 1996, and for being a great example for us all.

Thank you to Amanda, Leika, Rena and Bill for an amzing evening on Friday learning about the connections between sugar, colonialism, food, and our present condition of health disparities.

Thanks to all the people who worked behind the scenes to work with WWU to make this happen, to make the poster [design by Rosanna Razor], to provide the food, to pick up the chairs and tables...

Thank you to the amazing teachers - Manimou Camara and Jade Power Sotomayor (and friends, and family) - who gave up a part of their weekend to come to Bellingham and share their art with us.
And thanks to all the Angoleir@s who travelled near and far to join us from Vancouver (BC), Seattle, Portland and Corvallis (OR), and one new friend from Xalapa (Mexico)! Your presence, your energy, renew our belief in the power of Community.

"Capoeira Angola is working on 'self' and building 'community' in the process!" -CM KOJO

Roda at the closing of morning class in Carver Gym
Photo Credit: Eythan Frost from the AS Review


CM Kojo leading music class in Red Square


Roda in the PAC plaza.
Photo credit to Camila Hellmeister

Photo credit to Camila Hellmeister


Photo Credit: Eythan Frost from the AS Review

Photo Credit: Eythan Frost from the AS Review
Photo credit to Camila Hellmeister


Free Tokitae!